Electric Stimulation Therapy

is a therapeutic treatment that applies electrical stimulation in treating muscle spasms and pain. It can help prevent atrophy and build strength in patients with injuries. It is also helpful in keeping muscles active especially after any type spinal cord injury or strokes.  With electric stimulation, the patient can maintain muscle tone and strength that would otherwise waste away due to lack of usage. Electric stimulation works by mimicking the natural way by which the body exercises its muscles.

Manual physical therapy

is a specialized form of physical therapy delivered with the hands as opposed to a device or machine. In manual therapy, practitioners use their hands to put pressure on muscle tissue and manipulate joints in an attempt to decrease back pain caused by muscle spasm, muscle tension, and joint dysfunction.

Therapeutic Ultrasound

Ultrasound is applied using a transducer or applicator that is in direct contact with the patient’s skin. Gel is used on all surfaces of the skin in contact with the transducer to reduce friction and assist transmission of the ultrasonic waves. There are three primary benefits to ultrasound. The first is the speeding up of the healing process from the increase in blood flow in the treated area. The second is the decrease in pain from the reduction of swelling and edema. The third is the gentle massage of muscle tendons and/ or ligaments in the treated area.


Is the use of cold in the treatment of acute and sub acute injury as well as to decrease the discomfort after athletic reconditioning. Cryotherapy generally produces a three to four stage sensation; first an uncomfortable sensation of cold, followed by a stinging, then burning or aching feeling and finally a numbness. Generally, a minimum of 10-15 minutes is required to achieve an extreme pain relieving effect while lowering the temperature to the injured area, thus reducing the metabolic rate and swelling associated with tissue injury. Cold is extremely useful in the acute phase of common inflammatory conditions such as bursitis, tenosynovitis and tendonitis.


consists of application of heat or cold for the purpose of changing the cutaneous, intra-articular and core temperature of soft tissue with the intention of improving the symptoms of certain conditions.The goal of thermotherapy is to alter tissue temperature in a targeted region over time for the purpose of inducing a desired biological response. The majority of thermotherapies are designed to deliver the thermal therapy to a target tissue volume with minimal impact on intervening or surrounding tissues.

Splinting & Taping

Splinting– splinting can be achieved by several methods including hard casting by use of moldable plastic, fiberglass cast material, metal splints or by use of taping for specific uses. At our clinic we use a variety of methods for splinting purposes. Whatever the patient may need from moldable splints that can prevent movement or slowly improve movement in the case of a joint contracture or tendon repair to simple taping techniques.

Taping– taping has a wide range of uses and purposes in therapy. Taping it can be used to either limit movement in the case of an injury, assist with movement in the case of a tendon repair or tendon rupture, or guide motion in the case of a ligament or tendon injury. Kinesiotape is a specific kind of tape used to assist with many pathologies including edema, pain, decreased muscle contraction or control.